Ver registro no DEDALUS
Exportar registro bibliográfico

Metrics


Metrics:

Software platforms for smart cities: concepts, requirements, challenges, and a unified reference architecture (2018)

  • Authors:
  • USP affiliated authors: KON, FABIO - IME
  • USP Schools: IME
  • DOI: 10.1145/3124391
  • Subjects: ARQUITETURA DE SOFTWARE; COMPUTAÇÃO APLICADA
  • Keywords: Wireless sensor networks; software platforms
  • Agências de fomento:
  • Language: Inglês
  • Imprenta:
  • Source:
  • Acesso online ao documento

    Online accessDOI or search this record in
    Informações sobre o DOI: 10.1145/3124391 (Fonte: oaDOI API)
    • Este periódico é de assinatura
    • Este artigo NÃO é de acesso aberto
    • Cor do Acesso Aberto: closed
    Versões disponíveis em Acesso Aberto do: 10.1145/3124391 (Fonte: Unpaywall API)

    Título do periódico: ACM Computing Surveys

    ISSN: 0360-0300



      Não possui versão em Acesso aberto
    Informações sobre o Citescore
  • Título: ACM Computing Surveys

    ISSN: 0360-0300

    Citescore - 2017: 11.53

    SJR - 2017: 1.631

    SNIP - 2017: 5.783


  • Exemplares físicos disponíveis nas Bibliotecas da USP
    BibliotecaCód. de barrasNúm. de chamada
    IME2872161-10PROD-2872161
    How to cite
    A citação é gerada automaticamente e pode não estar totalmente de acordo com as normas

    • ABNT

      SANTANA, Eduardo Felipe Zambom; CHAVES, Ana Paula; GEROSA, Marco Aurélio; KON, Fabio; MILOJICIC, Dejan S. Software platforms for smart cities: concepts, requirements, challenges, and a unified reference architecture. ACM Computing Surveys, New York, Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), v. 50, n. 6, p. 1-37, 2018. Disponível em: < http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/3124391 > DOI: 10.1145/3124391.
    • APA

      Santana, E. F. Z., Chaves, A. P., Gerosa, M. A., Kon, F., & Milojicic, D. S. (2018). Software platforms for smart cities: concepts, requirements, challenges, and a unified reference architecture. ACM Computing Surveys, 50( 6), 1-37. doi:10.1145/3124391
    • NLM

      Santana EFZ, Chaves AP, Gerosa MA, Kon F, Milojicic DS. Software platforms for smart cities: concepts, requirements, challenges, and a unified reference architecture [Internet]. ACM Computing Surveys. 2018 ; 50( 6): 1-37.Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/3124391
    • Vancouver

      Santana EFZ, Chaves AP, Gerosa MA, Kon F, Milojicic DS. Software platforms for smart cities: concepts, requirements, challenges, and a unified reference architecture [Internet]. ACM Computing Surveys. 2018 ; 50( 6): 1-37.Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/3124391

    Referências citadas na obra
    Mohammad Aazam, Imran Khan, Aymen Abdullah Alsaffar, and Eui-Nam Huh. 2014. Cloud of things: Integrating internet of things and cloud computing and the issues involved. In Proceedings of the 2014 11th International Bhurban Conference on Applied Sciences and Technology (IBCAST’14). IEEE, 414--419.
    Eiman Al Nuaimi, Hind Al Neyadi, Nader Mohamed, and Jameela Al-Jaroodi. 2015. Applications of big data to smart cities. J. Internet Serv. Appl. 6, 1 (2015), 25.
    Theodoros Anagnostopoulos, Kostas Kolomvatsos, Christos Anagnostopoulos, Arkady Zaslavsky, and Stathes Hadjiefthymiades. 2015. Assessing dynamic models for high priority waste collection in smart cities. J. Syst. Softw. 110 (2015), 178--192.
    Giuseppe Anastasi, Maximiliano Antonelli, Alessio Bechini, Simone Brienza, Eleonora D’Andrea, Domenico De Guglielmo, Pietro Ducange, Beatrice Lazzerini, Francesco Marcelloni, and Armando Segatori. 2013. Urban and social sensing for sustainable mobility in smart cities. In Proceedings of the Sustainable Internet and ICT for Sustainability (SustainIT’13), 2013. IEEE, 1--4.
    Leonidas G. Anthopoulos and Christopher G. Reddick. 2016. Understanding electronic government research and smart city: A framework and empirical evidence. Inform. Polity 21, 1 (2016), 99--117.
    Wolfgang Apolinarski, Umer Iqbal, and Josiane Xavier Parreira. 2014. The GAMBAS middleware and SDK for smart city applications. In Proceedings of the 2014 IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications Workshops (PERCOM’14). IEEE, 117--122.
    Michael Armbrust, Armando Fox, Rean Griffith, Anthony D. Joseph, Randy Katz, Andy Konwinski, Gunho Lee, David Patterson, Ariel Rabkin, Ion Stoica, et al. 2010. A view of cloud computing. Commun. ACM 53, 4 (2010), 50--58.
    Eleana Asimakopoulou and Nik Bessis. 2011. Buildings and crowds: Forming smart cities for more effective disaster management. In Proceedings of the 2011 5th International Conference on Innovative Mobile and Internet Services in Ubiquitous Computing (IMIS’11). IEEE, 229--234.
    Luigi Atzori, Antonio Iera, and Giacomo Morabito. 2010. The internet of things: A survey. Comput. Netw. 54, 15 (2010), 2787--2805.
    Malcolm Bain. 2014. Sentilo--Sensor and Actuator Platform for smart Cities. Retrieved February 20, 2015 from https://joinup.ec.europa.eu/community/eupl/document/sentilo-sensor-and-actuator-platform-smart-cities.
    Chitra Balakrishna. 2012. Enabling technologies for smart city services and applications. In Proceedings of the 2012 6th International Conference on Next Generation Mobile Applications, Services and Technologies (NGMAST’12). IEEE, 223--227.
    Pieter Ballon, Julia Glidden, Pavlos Kranas, Andreas Menychtas, Susie Ruston, and Shenja Van Der Graaf. 2011. Is there a need for a cloud platform for european smart cities? In Proceedings of the IIMC International Information Management Corporation Conference (eChallenges’11).
    Carolina Tripp Barba, Miguel Angel Mateos, Pablo Reganas Soto, Ahmad Mohamad Mezher, and Mónica Aguilar Igartua. 2012. Smart city for VANETs using warning messages, traffic statistics and intelligent traffic lights. In Proceedings of the 2012 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium (IV’12). IEEE, 902--907.
    Alessio Botta, Walter de Donato, Valerio Persico, and Antonio Pescapé. 2016. Integration of cloud computing and internet of things: A survey. Future Gener. Comput. Syst. 56 (2016), 684--700.
    Nicola Bressan, Leonardo Bazzaco, Nicola Bui, Paolo Casari, Lorenzo Vangelista, and Michele Zorzi. 2010. The deployment of a smart monitoring system using wireless sensor and actuator networks. In Proceedings of the 2010 1st IEEE International Conference on Smart Grid Communications (SmartGridComm’10). IEEE, 49--54.
    Nicola Bui and Michele Zorzi. 2011. Health care applications: A solution based on the internet of things. In Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Applied Sciences in Biomedical and Communication Technologies. ACM, 131.
    Jean-Paul Calbimonte, Sofiane Sarni, Julien Eberle, and Karl Aberer. 2014. XGSN: An open-source semantic sensing middleware for the web of things. In Proceedings of the 7th International Workshop on Semantic Sensor Networks (TC/SSN@ ISWC’14). 51--66.
    Andrea Caragliu, Chiara Del Bo, and Peter Nijkamp. 2011. Smart cities in europe. J. Urban Technol. 18, 2 (2011), 65--82.
    Kate Carruthers. 2014. Internet of things and beyond: Cyber-physical systems. IEEE IoT Newslett. 2014 (2014).
    Min Chen, Shiwen Mao, and Yunhao Liu. 2014. Big data: A survey. Mobile Netw. Appl. 19, 2 (2014), 171--209.
    Bin Cheng, Salvatore Longo, Flavio Cirillo, Martin Bauer, and Ernoe Kovacs. 2015. Building a big data platform for smart cities: Experience and lessons from santander. In 2015 IEEE International Congress on Big Data (BigData Congress’15). IEEE, 592--599.
    Annalisa Cocchia. 2014. Smart and digital city: A systematic literature review. In Smart City, Renata Paola Dameri and Camille Rosenthal-Sabroux (Eds.). Springer International Publishing, 13--43.
    Louise Coetzee and Johan Eksteen. 2011. The internet of things--promise for the future? An introduction. In Proceedings of the International Sustainability Transitions Conference (IST’11)). IEEE, 1--9.
    Welington M. da Silva, Alexandre Alvaro, Gustavo H. R. P. Tomas, Ricardo A. Afonso, Kelvin L. Dias, and Vinicius C. Garcia. 2013. Smart cities software architectures: A survey. In Proceedings of the 28th Annual ACM Symposium on Applied Computing. ACM, 1722--1727.
    Yuri Demchenko, Cees de Laat, and Peter Membrey. 2014. Defining architecture components of the big data ecosystem. In Proceedings of the 2014 International Conference on Collaboration Technologies and Systems (CTS’14). IEEE, 104--112.
    Salvatore Distefano, Giovanni Merlino, and Antonio Puliafito. 2012. Enabling the cloud of things. In Proceedings of the 2012 6th International Conference on Innovative Mobile and Internet Services in Ubiquitous Computing (IMIS’12). IEEE, 858--863.
    Soufiene Djahel, Ronan Doolan, Gabriel-Miro Muntean, and John Murphy. 2015. A communications-oriented perspective on traffic management systems for smart cities: Challenges and innovative approaches. IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutor. 17, 1 (2015), 125--151.
    Asma Elmangoush, Hakan Coskun, Sebastian Wahle, and Thomas Magedanz. 2013. Design aspects for a reference M2M communication platform for smart cities. In Proceedings of the 2013 9th International Conference on Innovations in Information Technology (IIT’13). IEEE, 204--209.
    Stefan Foell, Gerd Kortuem, Reza Rawassizadeh, Marcus Handte, Umer Iqbal, and Pedro Marrón. 2014. Micro-navigation for urban bus passengers: Using the internet of things to improve the public transport experience. In Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on IoT in Urban Space. Institute for Computer Sciences, Social-Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering), 1--6.
    Marcio Zamboti Fortes, Vitor Hugo Ferreira, Guilherme Gonçalves Sotelo, Andressa S. Cabral, Weules Fernandes Correia, and Orestes L. Castaneda Pacheco. 2014. Deployment of smart metering in the Búzios city. In Proceedings of the 2014 IEEE PES Transmission 8 Distribution Conference and Exposition-Latin America (PES T&D-LA’’14). IEEE, 1--6.
    José Antonio Galache, Takuro Yonezawa, Levent Gurgen, Daniele Pavia, Marco Grella, and Hiroyuki Maeomichi. 2014. ClouT: Leveraging cloud computing techniques for improving management of massive iot data. In Proceedings of the 2014 IEEE 7th International Conference on Service-Oriented Computing and Applications (SOCA’14). IEEE, 324--327.
    Rudolf Giffinger, Christian Fertner, Hans Kramar, Robert Kalasek, Nataša Pichler-Milanovic, and Evert Meijers. 2007. Smart Cities-Ranking of European Medium-Sized Cities. Rapport technique. Vienna Centre of Regional Science.
    Sylva Girtelschmid, Matthias Steinbauer, Vikash Kumar, Anna Fensel, and Gabriele Kotsis. 2013. Big data in large scale intelligent smart city installations. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Information Integration and Web-based Applications and Services. ACM, 428--432.
    Jayavardhana Gubbi, Rajkumar Buyya, Slaven Marusic, and Marimuthu Palaniswami. 2013. Internet of things (IoT): A vision, architectural elements, and future directions. Future Gener. Comput. Syst. 29, 7 (2013), 1645--1660.
    Bin Guo, Zhu Wang, Zhiwen Yu, Yu Wang, Neil Y. Yen, Runhe Huang, and Xingshe Zhou. 2015. Mobile crowd sensing and computing: The review of an emerging human-powered sensing paradigm. Comput. Surv. 48, 1 (2015), 7:1--7:31.
    Levent Gurgen, Ozan Gunalp, Yazid Benazzouz, and Mathieu Gallissot. 2013. Self-aware cyber-physical systems and applications in smart buildings and cities. In Proceedings of the Conference on Design, Automation and Test in Europe. EDA Consortium, 1149--1154.
    Loni Hagen, Jess Kropczynski, Catherine Dumas, Jisue Lee, Fatima Espinoza Vasquez, and Abebe Rorissa. 2015. Emerging trends in the use and adoption of E-participation around the world. Proc. Assoc. Inf. Sci. Technol. 52, 1 (2015), 1--4.
    Robert E. Hall, B. Bowerman, J. Braverman, J. Taylor, H. Todosow, and U. Von Wimmersperg. 2000. The vision of a smart city. In Proceedings of the 2nd International Life Extension Technology Workshop, Paris.
    Gerhard P. Hancke, Gerhard P. Hancke Jr., and others. 2012. The role of advanced sensing in smart cities. Sensors 13, 1 (2012), 393--425.
    Marcus Handte, Muhammad Umer Iqbal, Stephan Wagner, Wolfgang Apolinarski, Pedro José Marrón, Eva Maria Muñoz Navarro, Santiago Martinez, Sara Izquierdo Barthelemy, and Mario González Fernández. 2014. Crowd density estimation for public transport vehicles. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Extending Database Technology/International Conference on Database Theory (EDBT/ICDT’14). 315--322.
    Mohammad Mehedi Hassan, Hanouf Saad Albakr, and Hmood Al-Dossari. 2014. A cloud-assisted internet of things framework for pervasive healthcare in smart city environment. In Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Emerging Multimedia Applications and Services for Smart Cities. ACM, 9--13.
    José M. Hernández-Muñoz, Jesús Bernat Vercher, Luis Muñoz, José A. Galache, Mirko Presser, Luis A Hernández Gómez, and Jan Pettersson. 2011. Smart cities at the forefront of the future internet. In The Future Internet Assembly. Vol. 6656. Springer, 447--462.
    Hendrik Hielkema and Patrizia Hongisto. 2013. Developing the helsinki smart city: The role of competitions for open data applications. J. Knowl. Econ. 4, 2 (2013), 190--204.
    Robert G. Hollands. 2008. Will the real smart city please stand up? Intelligent, progressive or entrepreneurial? City 12, 3 (2008), 303--320.
    Aamir Hussain, Rao Wenbi, Aristides Lopes da Silva, Muhammad Nadher, and Muhammad Mudhish. 2015. Health and emergency-care platform for the elderly and disabled people in the smart city. J. Syst. Softw. 110 (2015), 253--263.
    ISO/IEC. 2015. Smart cities Preliminary Report. (2015).
    Valérie Issarny, Nikolaos Georgantas, Sara Hachem, Apostolos Zarras, Panos Vassiliadist, Marco Autili, Marco Aurélio Gerosa, and Amira Ben Hamida. 2011. Service-oriented middleware for the future internet: State of the art and research directions. J. Internet Serv. Appl. 2, 1 (2011), 23--45.
    ITU-T. 2014. Smart Sustainable Cities: An Analysis of Definitions. Tech. Report. FG-SSC-10/2014, (2014).
    Isam Janajreh, Liu Su, and Fathi Alan. 2013. Wind energy assessment: Masdar city case study. Renew. Energ. 52 (2013), 8--15.
    Marijn Janssen, Yannis Charalabidis, and Anneke Zuiderwijk. 2012. Benefits, adoption barriers and myths of open data and open government. Inf. Syst. Manage. 29, 4 (2012), 258--268.
    G. Kakarontzas, L. Anthopoulos, D. Chatzakou, and A. Vakali. 2014. A conceptual enterprise architecture framework for smart cities: A survey based approach. In Proceedings of the 2014 11th International Conference on e-Business (ICE-B’14). IEEE, 47--54.
    Rosabeth Moss Kanter and Stanley S. Litow. 2009. Informed and interconnected: A manifesto for smarter cities. (March 2009). Retrieved February 20, 2015 from http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1420236
    Zaheer Khan, Ashiq Anjum, and Saad Liaquat Kiani. 2013. Cloud based big data analytics for smart future cities. In Proceedings of the 2013 IEEE/ACM 6th International Conference on Utility and Cloud Computing. IEEE, 381--386.
    Zaheer Khan, Ashiq Anjum, Kamran Soomro, and Muhammad Atif Tahir. 2015. Towards cloud based big data analytics for smart future cities. J. Cloud Comput. 4, 1 (2015), 2.
    Jaeho Kim and Jang-Won Lee. 2014. OpenIoT: An open service framework for the internet of things. In Proceedings of the 2014 IEEE World Forum on Internet of Things (WF-IoT’14). IEEE, 89--93.
    Soonhee Kim and Jooho Lee. 2012. E-participation, transparency, and trust in local government. Publ. Admin. Rev. 72, 6 (2012), 819--828.
    Michinaga Kohno, Yoshihiro Masuyama, Nobuyuki Kato, and Akihiko Tobe. 2011. Hitachi’s smart city solutions for new era of urban development. Hitachi Rev. 60, 2 (2011), 79.
    Daniel Lathrop and Laurel Ruma. 2010. Open Government: Collaboration, Transparency, and Participation in Practice. O’Reilly Media, Inc.
    Danh Le-Phuoc, Hoan Quoc Nguyen-Mau, Josiane Xavier Parreira, and Manfred Hauswirth. 2012. A middleware framework for scalable management of linked streams. Web Semant. 16 (2012), 42--51.
    Jung Hoon Lee, Robert Phaal, and Sang-Ho Lee. 2013. An integrated service-device-technology roadmap for smart city development. Technol. Forecast. Soc. Change 80, 2 (2013), 286--306.
    Yong Woo Lee and Seungwoo Rho. 2010. U-city portal for smart ubiquitous middleware. In Proceedings of the 2010 The 12th International Conference on Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT’10), Vol. 1. IEEE, 609--613.
    Pu Liu and Zhenghong Peng. 2013. China’s smart city pilots: A progress report. IEEE Computer 47, 10 (2013), 72–81.
    Catriona Manville, Gavin Cochrane, Jonathan Cave, Jeremy Millard, Jeremy Kevin Pederson, Rasmus Kåre Thaarup, Andrea Liebe, Matthias Wissner, Roel Massink, and Bas Kotterink. 2014. Mapping smart cities in the EU. European Parliament (2014).
    Viktor Mayer-Schönberger and Kenneth Cukier. 2013. Big Data: A Revolution That Will Transform How We Live, Work, and Think. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.
    Nathalie Mitton, Symeon Papavassiliou, Antonio Puliafito, and Kishor S. Trivedi. 2012. Combining cloud and sensors in a smart city environment. EURASIP J. Wireless Commun. Netw. 2012, 1 (2012), 247.
    Jennifer C. Molloy. 2011. The open knowledge foundation: Open data means better science. PLoS Biol. 9, 12 (2011).
    Georgios Mylonas, Evangelos Theodoridis, and Luis Muñoz. 2015. Integrating smartphones into the smartsantander infrastructure. IEEE Internet Comput. 19, 2 (2015), 48--56.
    Milind Naphade, Guruduth Banavar, Colin Harrison, Jurij Paraszczak, and Robert Morris. 2011. Smarter cities and their innovation challenges. Computer 44, 6 (2011), 32--39.
    Rocco Papa, Carmela Gargiulo, and Adriana Galderisi. 2013. Towards an urban planners’ perspective on smart city. TeMA J. Land Use, Mobil. Environ. 6, 01 (2013), 5--17.
    Anbu Parkavi and Nagarajan Vetrivelan. 2013. A smart citizen information system using hadoop: A case study. In Proceedings of the 2013 IEEE International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Computing Research (ICCIC’13). IEEE, 1--3.
    Charith Perera, Arkady B. Zaslavsky, Peter Christen, and Dimitrios Georgakopoulos. 2014. Sensing as a service model for smart cities supported by internet of things. Trans. Emerg. Telecommun. Technol. 25, 1 (2014), 81--93.
    Daniel Pérez-González, Raimundo Díaz-Díaz, and others. 2015. Public services provided with ICT in the smart city environment: The case of spanish cities. J. Univers. Comput. Sci. 21, 2 (2015), 248--267.
    Riccardo Petrolo, Valeria Loscri, and Nathalie Mitton. 2014. Towards a cloud of things smart city. IEEE COMSOC MMTC E-Lett. 9, 5 (2014), 44--48.
    Giuseppe Piro, Ilaria Cianci, Luigi Alfredo Grieco, Gennaro Boggia, and Pietro Camarda. 2014. Information centric services in smart cities. J. Syst. Softw. 88 (2014), 169--188.
    Gilles Privat, Mengxuan Zhao, and Laurent Lemke. 2014. Towards a shared software infrastructure for smart homes, smart buildings and smart cities. In Proceedings of the International Workshop on Emerging Trends in the Engineering of Cyber-Physical Systems.
    Junping Qiu, Yanhui Song, and Siluo Yang. 2010. Digital integrated model of government resources under E-government environment. In Proceedings of the 2010 International Conference on Internet Technology and Applications. 1--4.
    Aviva Rutkin. 2014. How data can save a city. New Sci. 224, 2990 (2014), 24--25.
    Flora Salim and Usman Haque. 2015. Urban computing in the wild: A survey on large scale participation and citizen engagement with ubiquitous computing, cyber physical systems, and Internet of Things. Int. J. Hum.-Comput. Stud. 81 (2015), 31--48.
    Luis Sanchez, Luis Muñoz, Jose Antonio Galache, Pablo Sotres, Juan R Santana, Veronica Gutierrez, Rajiv Ramdhany, Alex Gluhak, Srdjan Krco, Evangelos Theodoridis, and others. 2014. SmartSantander: IoT experimentation over a smart city testbed. Comput. Netw. 61 (2014), 217--238.
    Eduardo Felipe Zambom Santana, Daniel Macêdo Bastista, Fabio Kon, and Dejan S Milojicic. 2016. SCSimulator: An open source, scalable smart city simulator. In Proceedings of the 34th Brazilian Symposium on Computer Networks (SBRC’16). Salvador, Brazil.
    Hans Schaffers, Nicos Komninos, Marc Pallot, Brigitte Trousse, Michael Nilsson, and Alvaro Oliveira. 2011. Smart cities and the future internet: Towards cooperation frameworks for open innovation. In Proceedings of the Future Internet Assembly 2011: Achievements and Technological Promises. Springer, Berlin, 431--446.
    Amir Sinaeepourfard, Jordi Garcia, Xavier Masip-Bruin, Eva Marín-Tordera, Jordi Cirera, Glòria Grau, and Francesc Casaus. 2016. Estimating smart city sensors data generation. In Proceedings of the 2016 Mediterranean Ad Hoc Networking Workshop (Med-Hoc-Net’16). IEEE, 1--8.
    Uthayasankar Sivarajah, Vishanth Weerakkody, Paul Waller, Habin Lee, Zahir Irani, Youngseok Choi, Rebecca Morgan, and Yuri Glikman. 2016. The role of e-participation and open data in evidence-based policy decision making in local government. J. Organiz. Comput. Electron. Commerce 26, 1--2 (2016), 64--79.
    Martin Stephenson, Giusy Di Lorenzo, and Pol Mac Aonghusa. 2012. Open innovation portal: A collaborative platform for open city data sharing. In Proceedings of the 2012 IEEE International Conference onPervasive Computing and Communications Workshops (PERCOM’12). IEEE, 522--524.
    Kehua Su, Jie Li, and Hongbo Fu. 2011. Smart city and the applications. In Proceedings of the 2011 International Conference on Electronics, Communications and Control (ICECC’11). IEEE, 1028--1031.
    Kohei Takahashi, Shintaro Yamamoto, Akihiro Okushi, Shinsuke Matsumoto, and Masahide Nakamura. 2012. Design and implementation of service API for large-scale house log in smart city cloud. In Proceedings of the 2012 IEEE 4th International Conference on Cloud Computing Technology and Science (CloudCom’12). IEEE, 815--820.
    Kenji Tei and Levent Gurgen. 2014. ClouT: Cloud of things for empowering the citizen clout in smart cities. In Proceedings of the 2014 IEEE World Forum on Internet of Things (WF-IoT’14). IEEE, 369--370.
    Sean Thornton. 2013. Chicago’s WindyGrid: Taking Situational Awareness to a New Level. Retrieved February 20, 2015 from http://datasmart.ash.harvard.edu/news/article/chicagos-windygrid-taking-situational-awareness-to-a-new-level-259.
    United Nations. 2009. Urban and Rural Areas 2009. Retrieved December 13, 2015 from http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/publications/urbanization/urban-rural.shtml.
    Athena Vakali, Leonidas Anthopoulos, and Srdjan Krco. 2014. Smart cities data streams integration: Experimenting with internet of things and social data flows. In Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Web Intelligence, Mining and Semantics (WIMS’14). ACM, 60:1--60:5.
    Toni GLA Van der Meer, Dave Gelders, and Sabine Rotthier. 2014. E-democracy: Exploring the current stage of e-government. J. Inf. Policy 4 (2014), 489--506.
    Ignasi Vilajosana, Jordi Llosa, Borja Martinez, Marc Domingo-Prieto, Albert Angles, and Xavier Vilajosana. 2013. Bootstrapping smart cities through a self-sustainable model based on big data flows. IEEE Commun. Mag. 51, 6 (2013), 128--134.
    Félix J. Villanueva, Maria J. Santofimia, David Villa, Jesús Barba, and Juan Carlos Lopez. 2013. Civitas: The smart city middleware, from sensors to big data. In Proceedings of the 2013 7th International Conference on Innovative Mobile and Internet Services in Ubiquitous Computing (IMIS’13). IEEE, 445--450.
    Eleni I. Vlahogianni, Kostanstinos Kepaptsoglou, Vassileios Tsetsos, and Matthew G. Karlaftis. 2014. Exploiting new sensor technologies for real-time parking prediction in urban areas. In Transportation Research Board 93rd Annual Meeting Compendium of Papers. 14--1673.
    Jiafu Wan, Di Li, Caifeng Zou, and Keliang Zhou. 2012. M2M communications for smart city: An event-based architecture. In Proceedings of the 2012 IEEE 12th International Conference on Computer and Information Technology (CIT’12). IEEE, 895--900.
    Kaiyu Wan, Danny Hughes, Ka Lok Man, and Tomas Krilavicius. 2010. Composition challenges and approaches for cyber physical systems. In 2010 IEEE International Conference on Networked Embedded Systems for Enterprise Applications (NESEA’10). IEEE, 1--7.
    Doug Washburn, Usman Sindhu, Stephanie Balaouras, Rachel A. Dines, Nicholas M. Hayes, and Lauren E. Nelson. 2009. Helping CIOs understand “smart city” initiatives. Growth 17, 2 (2009), 1--17.
    Rong Wenge, Xiong Zhang, Dave Cooper, Li Chao, and Sheng Hao. 2014. Smart city architecture: A technology guide for implementation and design challenges. Chin. Commun. 11, 3 (2014), 56--69.
    Jules White, Siobhan Clarke, Christin Groba, Brian Dougherty, Chris Thompson, and Douglas C Schmidt. 2010. R&D challenges and solutions for mobile cyber-physical applications and supporting Internet services. J. Internet Serv. Appl. 1, 1 (2010), 45--56.
    Chao Wu, David Birch, Dilshan Silva, Chun-Hsiang Lee, Orestis Tsinalis, and Yike Guo. 2014. Concinnity: A generic platform for big sensor data applications. IEEE Cloud Comput. 1, 2 (2014), 42--50.
    Shintaro Yamamoto, Shinsuke Matsumoto, Sachio Saiki, and Masahide Nakamura. 2014. Using materialized view as a service of scallop4sc for smart city application services. In Soft Computing in Big Data Processing. Springer, 51--60.
    ChuanTao Yin, Zhang Xiong, Hui Chen, JingYuan Wang, Daven Cooper, and Bertrand David. 2015. A literature survey on smart cities. Sci. Chin. Inf. Sci. 58, 10 (2015), 1--18.
    Matei Zaharia, Mosharaf Chowdhury, Michael J. Franklin, Scott Shenker, and Ion Stoica. 2010. Spark: Cluster computing with working sets. In Proceedings of the 2nd USENIX Conference on Hot Topics in Cloud Computing, Vol. 10. 10.
    Andrea Zanella, Nicola Bui, Angelo Castellani, Lorenzo Vangelista, and Michele Zorzi. 2014. Internet of things for smart cities. IEEE IofT J. 1, 1 (2014), 22--32.